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Aug 28, Please, help me to find this les trois vallees pistenplan pdf to jpg. I'll be really very grateful. Three Valleys Piste Map - The Best Ski Resort Piste. 1 This period is only indicative insofar as the Snow Plan has never been the object of any planning. .. 17 The CDA also has variable shares in 14 large resorts in France: Val d'Isère, Tignes, Méribel, La R . .. des territoires de montagne: quelles connaissances pour quelles pistes d'action? . Format PDF · Format ePUB. Plan. Compétitivité de la destination «neige»: l'opérateur de remontées mécaniques, La clientèle est plus exigeante et, outre son désir quant à un domaine skiable de qualité (pistes entretenues et .. Val-Thorens, Méribel, Courchevel, etc. pour les trois Vallées en Savoie ; Pas de la Casa, .. Format PDF · Format ePUB.
In this respect, fitting out the high-altitude sites supported by the Snow Plan in France is a particularly interesting case-study. The resorts are growth centres, the dynamics of which structure the entire local economy. The Snow Plan 1 , a policy defined at national level, and instigated by government agencies, thus appears rather as a non-regional movement leaving little room for local stakeholders, at least during its heyday in the period This resulted in an approach defended and subsequently implemented by government agencies via decentralised administration of the equipment before it had its own national agency, the SEATM 2.
Subsequent recourse to private investors then made it possible to go beyond the capacity of a public stakeholder the department alone to deploy the integrated resort concept. Defining the parts played by local control and the use of external means has proven difficult to achieve. This process has permitted the arrival of stakeholders who today have a central role in the management of high altitude sites. The forming of this innovative sector involves the recognition of localised stakeholder coordinations, which have been qualified in the industrial sector, by concepts which are widely publicised today, of industrial districts Becattini, , localised production systems Courlet, , innovative regions Crevoisier and Maillat, or clusters Schmitz H.
The specific features of the resort stakeholder systems were confirmed through the concept of the Localised Tourism System Perret, The characteristics of tourism, an activity allowing the accommodating of a temporary population does indeed lend itself better than others to an interpretation mobilising the interplay of stakeholders in connection with the macroeconomic context.
Indeed, interactions between service providers of different kinds mainly leisure, accommodation and catering contribute directly to the emergence of a destination and its attractiveness. It will show how group of cableway companies approaches emerge through the local management of resorts which are closer to a sector-based approach than a regional vision, questioning the economic added value for the regions involved.
For this purpose, we have used a vast amount of material, based on the examination of the regional and municipal archives and of private resources and semi-directed interviews with 40 private and public stakeholders, both individuals and organisations. The conclusions put forward in this article are the fruit of the analysis of this material. However, given its sensitive nature, we have opted for generic conclusions with the occasional use of verbatim reports when the authors cannot be identified.
Rey-Millet who worked with her at Les Arcs The actual roots of the Snow Plan are thus more localised than doctrine would have us believe. More specifically, it is part of a desire to control the national development of winter tourism at a local level Marcelpoil et al. Calling upon the government for assistance was made possible by the ability of the local stakeholders to deliver a message about the technicalities of the modern organisation of winter sports, more often than not after initial training outside the Savoie area.
This message is passed on in parallel by politicians with a real national dimension. With regard to the technical side, most of the major stakeholders had roots in the Savoie region, notably L. Chappis, from Aix-les-Bains, and M. Michaud, from Saint-Genix-sur-Guiers 5. Even so, although the breeding ground of the promoters was Savoie, the deployment of the resorts throughout the Tarine valley brought in a broad spectrum of investors.
As the prototype integrated resort, it was the first brick in the trial-and-error process applied to different fields, property management, the single developer or the conditions under which local authorities intervened. The property issue began to accelerate due to the order of order No. This measure allowed land to be acquired at the price of farmland in order to sell apartments at tourist accommodation rates, thus generating a considerable value-added factor.
Expropriation became systematic for the building of third generation resorts, placing the municipality in a strategic position Perret, ; Marcelpoil et al. The municipality also provided part of the communal equipment. It took charge of equipping the ski area and orchestrated the urban development, but did not directly manage the real estate projects based on a broad spectrum of private initiatives.
Michaud confirmed the central role of the ski lifts in the economic model of the resorts. The considerable initial investment in ski lifts ultimately became the main source of profit for a resort, as shown by the success at Courchevel, which achieved financial stability in Marcelpoil et al.
Private initiatives required quicker results in order to be viable. The concept of global development of sites thus emerged with the aim of achieving urban development in proportion to the development of the ski area.
The mechanism was therefore as follows: the construction and subsequent sale of flats as second homes brought in profits which balanced the cost of equipping the ski area. Some particularly Perret, described this as a vicious circle, whereby the sale of property contributed to filling the ski lifts to maximum capacity, until their saturation required further investment, in turn funded by property development leading to renewed saturation of the lifts, etc.
The more the municipalities invested and borrowed, the more they received from the fund. Subcontracting is thus indirectly, but strongly encouraged. Municipalities invested in ski lift equipment which they then hired out to operators for the amount of the annual payment of the loan they had taken out. With this end in mind, J. Fontanet intended to benefit from the same advantages as Saint-Bon-Courchevel. Belleville Valley non-trading real estate The Belleville valley therefore experienced the emergence of the concept of the sole developer Marcelpoil et al.
At the same time, the desire to develop skiing on the glacier at Val Thorens crystallised environmental opposition to ski resorts and was to lead to the fourth generation, of which Valmorel is emblematic. Finally, this marked both the end of the systematic development of mountain regions for tourism purposes and the successful achievement of developments in the Tarine valley.
Logically, the economic stakeholders organise themselves to operate this tool in the best possible way and current management questions the share of the regional variable in their strategies.
Once the majority of the resorts are built, the government starts to withdraw and the transfer of skills and responsibilities to the municipalities hosting the resorts is initiated Decentralisation laws, Mountain laws of As ski lifts are officially recognised as a public service under the responsibility of the local authorities, the latter may therefore opt to manage their production tool themselves or delegate it to a tourism operator.
Today, the status of ski lifts as an industrial and commercial public service SPIC speaks for itself: activity wavers between the role of regional development and the strong competitive pressures of the tourism market. SPIC incorporates the public and private spheres in different proportions depending on the period and the stakes Today, there are evident phenomena of exclusion in cases where the competent authorities have not been able to find an operating company due to operating risks being too great.
Climate change is lending growing weight to the uncertain snow coverage factor in decisions concerning the investment risk The degree slope had a pleasing chalky surface that would grip an edge but had been slightly bumped out by skiers that morning. As I was mulling tactics, Nancy sailed down it with such grace and style it might have been a nursery slope. Al skied it well too. We spend a lot of time building an uphill run-out to help skiers in the short braking zone.
Look east on a very clear day and you can see Revelstoke and the Monashee mountains. West is Whistler in the Coastal mountains. But a quick traverse enabled me to take a good look at the extent of the off-piste, which offers some attractive looking pitches.
Like most North American resorts, Sun Peaks has volunteer guides to show you around the mountain at no cost. They take all comers, splitting you into groups by ability.
The days passed quickly too. One evening I went snowmobiling and had a meal cooked over a camp fire.
Which brings me back to skiing and the recent expansion. Due north is the striking peak of Mount Dunn, at 2,m, and of fantastic skiing and never felt disappointed on this visit.
Well, not on account of the skiing. I could forgive the tourist office for assuring me the snowfall had been a fraction of what was usual for this time of year.
Now I love Okanagan wine. Long ago it was only possible to find decent ice wine from these parts, made from grapes plucked just after the first frost. But the popularity of ice wine has led local vintners to grow hugely in stature.
The festival is unique to Sun Peaks, and what a fabulous pairing it is. Ski all day, come off the hill to indulge in a wine crawl savouring as much as you can handle, from a multitude of Mount Morrisey offers gentle blue and green runs… and double black runs if you stray off them was not enough snow on them for me to take a spin there.
Morrisey is a Jekyll-and-Hyde mountain. The east side offers greens and blues that weave in and out of the trees. The west side draws you in with equally enticing blues. But head off the Grand Return, as I did, and the route rolls over dramatically, committing you to a long, steep, heavily bumped, double black diamond run, called Spin Cycle, with shrubs and rocks adding to the excitement, right down to the village.
And you may just get lucky with the snow too. Neil travelled as a guest of Ski Safari skisafari. And it is not for faint hearts, says Chris Exall S un Peaks not only caters for those who want to go wide, but fast. Very fast. It is one of the few resorts to offer speed skiing — billed as the fastest, non-motorised sport on Earth. My foray into speed skiing began, as so many journeys do, in a conversation with a friend.
She, like me, was a ski coach and, like me, learnt to ski soon after learning to walk. Neither of us had any real recollection of learning to ski, it was just something we did. We were discussing fear, and how hard it was to empathise with terrified novices.
To do so she had learnt to ski jump and nearly wet herself. Now, she declared, it was my turn to relearn fear. And I chose speed skiing. I used to race, but the idea of going at speeds of up to kph mph was new to me. Even on a Downhill course skiers reach just kph 90mph. You need a dedicated space for speed skiing — the ski patrol would take a dim view if you attempted it on piste. Resorts such as Sun Peaks and Vars open their tracks to the public, with the French resort being especially user-friendly — it is open to anyone over the age of six from Thursday to Sunday, with former record holder Philippe Billy on hand.
Verbier in Switzerland runs a recreational challenge near Les Ruinettes, and failing that many resorts have simple speed traps by the side of runs. What I was painfully aware I lacked was the custom-made suit that would allow the high speed slide to a halt that shiny vinyl allows. And I was looking down a very steep slope. Yes, I felt fear. Hitting the deck at any speed would hurt a lot.
Things went quiet and I listened to my pulse. Then there was the signal I was clear to go. I skated once, skated twice, then tucked. The first thing I noticed was the noise, deep like a jet engine. Then there was the drag. To get a sense of it stick your hand out of a car window palm forward on a deserted stretch of motorway and try to push it forward.
But most of all I was concentrating. I remembered that my skis had to be flat — if you catch an edge recoveries are hard to find. I was now in freefall, trying to keep my skis pressed on the snow and forcing my hands together to stay in a tuck, with my head down, but my eyes raised until I passed that blessed line in the snow that marked the end of the speed trap.
I also remembered to straighten up slowly. Forget that bit and the blast will knock you flat on your back. Then there was another noise, like a beating drum.
The whole thing had taken all of ten seconds. Checking the scoreboard, I saw my figure — 98mph or kph. A curious mix of feelings set in as I sat down, a combination of the most fantastic high with, deeper down, my core shaking with a relief that I last felt when I narrowly escaped being embroiled in a drive-by shooting.
Was this the terror novice skiers feel in that first, out of control, run on the nursery slope? If so all credit to them. Am I tempted to go back to try and break the mph barrier? Forget it. Where and when did you fall in love with Switzerland?
Share your love story at MySwitzerland. The best stories will win a trip back to the destination they fell in love with. The man who did most to promote the joys of early Swiss skiing, Arnold Lunn, recorded that he fell in love with skiing in Adelboden in And this season the skiing is better than ever thanks to a raft of new lifts and improvements at resorts across the country.
For long downhill runs, Titlis above Engelberg takes some beating: the longest from the 3,m-high peak is over 12km, and snowblowers ensure that skiing on the glacier is possible from October through to May. The new eight-seater gondolas have level, walk-in entry and exit, and capacity will increase by 1, riders an hour to 2, Engelberg itself is an enchanting mountain village at the end of a picturesque railway from Lucerne.
It is dominated by the colossal Benedictine monastery, which offers visitors concerts and produces delicious cheeses. It is reached by cable car and continues from there to Pilatus Kulm. Other thrills on the mountain are provided by sledges, toboggans, mini-bobs, snowbikes and the Pilatus Rope Park, with a 1,m all-weather toboggan run. The eight-seat cars will take just five minutes, and the valley station has an information office, sports shop with equipment rental, ski school office and a restaurant.
The village is known for its authentic alpine lodges, and even widely skied visitors are astonished by the location and quality of the Rothorngipfel panoramic restaurant — and especially the professionally guided sledge run after dinner, returning to your hotel by the light of the moon. The sports car designer theme continues at Laax where Pininfarina, best known for Ferraris, has designed the place La Siala cable cars for a new 3.
The fully glazed cable cars even have heated seat cushions powered by solar panels at the base station and will take guests up to La Siala in just nine minutes. Joined with Flims and Falera, it has one of the largest and most snow-sure ski areas in Switzerland with four snowparks and km of slopes reached by 29 lifts, all covered by a single pass.
There is a centrally located bar with viewing platform over all the training facilities, and a micro-skate ramp for children aged up to five years under the supervision of parents. Slope altitude ranges from 1,—3,m, but most of the km are above 2,m. Riederalp, Bettmeralp and Fiesch enjoy fantastic views over the Rhone Valley and are reached by cable cars from stations just to the east of Brig.
Half of the 20km of runs are black, and access to them will be greatly improved by the new lift up to Arpalle at 2,m.